Dendrobium nobile alba. species - Himalayas, Assam, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, China. The work I undertook was first of its kind from the region and I wanted it to produce better results. Dendrobium nobile, Gastrodia elata, Bletilla striata, etc., are used in Chinese medicines. They are also widespread in the north of Thailand at altitudes from 600 to 1500 m. © Franz Xaver | CC BY-SA 3.0 Winter Narratives by Naresh Swami – The white blanket. In those areas the trees are often with many branches which enable easy climbing. Dendrobium nobile blooms across the mountain trees. (2007). To MOSTLY. Its altitude varies from about 500 feet (150 m) where the Teesta River valley enters India to over 6000 m at the top of several of its snow-bound mountain peaks. A brief note on the physical features of Sikkim Sikkim is a small hilly State in the Eastern Himalayas with formidable physical features. The plant here flowering near Gangtok in Sikkim shows the natural growth habit. How blessed are we to live in the branches of Rhododendron tree. [3][4][5][6][7][8][9] The species is also reportedly naturalized in Hawaii. In Dendrobium descended from Den. It produces short, 2 to 4 flowered racemes, fragrant, waxy, and highly variable in color, arising from the upper nodes of leafed and leafless canes. When the life cycle of the mother plant ends it produces little offsets by continuing the life of the plant. A.R.G. Dendrobium nobile Lindley 1830 SECTION Dendrobium. Grow under warm conditions (65-85 degrees night to day) with regular watering and fertilizing UNTIL the onset of Winter. On high altitudes (above 3800 ft) the flowers are found to be more purplish and at very low altitudes (in the hot valleys of River Teesta) they were more towards a paler shade. Both sepals and petals many veined. Floristic diversity assessment and vegetation analysis of Upper Siang district of eastern Himalaya in North East India. Dendrobium nobile var. ... State Flower : Dendrobium nobile. The leaves are bright green, strap-shaped and slightly leathery, borne alternately at nodes along most of the length of the stem. Naresh Swami | The Orchids of the Sikkim Himalaya | Memoirs of an orchid hunter, Naresh Swami, The Orchids of the Sikkim Himalaya, Memoirs of an orchid hunter, sikkim orchids, darjeeling orchids. SIKKIM. It has become a popular cultivated decorative house plant, because it produces colourful blooms in winter and spring, at a time when little else is in flower. Leaves 4 to 6 cm in length and around 2 cm in width, oblong, apex sub-obtuse and notched, narrowed to the base, coriaceous. Epiphyte. [2] ... Gangrene in North Sikkim Root and tuberThe tuber is used in burning sensation This is the State flower of Sikkim. Orchid Lessons by Naresh Swami – Flower opening patterns. Its occurrence stretches from Mussorie in the Garhwal region of northern India, through Nepal, Sikkim and the Lushai Hills region of Northeast India, Chin Hills in Myanmar, the mountains of northern and western Thailand, and in Vietnam areas near Laos, Dalat, Blao and Langton and in the Yunnan Province in south-eastern … Petals broader than the sepals, elliptic. The Kingdom of Sikkim was founded by the Namgyal dynasty in the 17th century. Orchid Lessons by Naresh Swami – Solitary flower. Km. Dendrobium nobile is sympodial orchid which forms pseudobulbs. Dendrobium nobile occurs in lowland and mountain forests, often on mossy limestone rocks. This is a medium sized, cool to hot growing terrestrial or lithophytic species from the Chinese Himalayas, Assam, eastern Himalayas, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos and Vietnam that is found in broadleaf, evergreen, lowland forests and primary montane forests as well as on mossy limestone rocks at … Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 42: 222-246. (2012). The striking Dendrobium nobile is the state flower of Sikkim, and has the distinctive long thin jointed stems (referred to as canes) of many members of the genus Dendrobium. Dendrobium Nobile (Nobile Orchid) State Tree: Rhododendron Niveum: Population: 6,10,577: Density of Population: 86 Persons per Sq. Ackerman, J.D. & Lee, J. The keen ones amongst us rose at the crack of dawn the next morning to take photos and, hopefully, see Mount Narsing. The state has identified Dendrobium Nobile as the state flower, rhododendron as the state tree, red panda as the state animal and Blood Pheasant as the state bird. Raskoti, B.B. The Journal of the Orchid Society of India 21: 35-49. Photo by Jay Pfahl. ... Sikkim for developing local capacities to implement developmental activities by the local communities and EDCs Dendrobium nobile is an epiphytic or lithophytic plant native to southern China (including Tibet ), the Himalayas ( India, Bangladesh, Assam, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan ), and Indochina ( Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam ). It is also one of the 50 fundamental herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine, known as shí hú (Chinese: 石斛) or shí hú lán (Chinese: 石斛兰). Dendrobium nobile, commonly known as the noble dendrobium, is a member of the family Orchidaceae. Hal penting untuk kamu ketahui saat kamu menjumpai masa … Dendrobium nobile polyhouse of ICAR-National Research Centre for Orchids, Sikkim during 2018. Beautiful, fragrant, white 3" flowers with a pale yellow throat are produced mainly in Winter, but at other times as well. Abstract. Winter Narratives by Naresh Swami – Winter in the foothills. It has strap-shaped, persistent leaves, and blooms mostly in winter and spring. Choudhary, R.K., Srivastava, R.C., Das, A.K. As usual when in plenty, it will be very difficult to find a perfect one to photograph. Wood, H.P. In Arunachal Pradesh (the extreme North Eastern state of India) we have seen the species growing on trees and on rocks as well as fallen plants used to adorn Buddhist temples and gompas. The state has diverse geography due to its location in the Himalayas. Its large and striking flowers are as arresting in the greenhouse as they are in the forests of Sikkim where it is the state flower. It has become a popular cultivated decorative house plant, because it produces colourful blooms in winter … Common NameThe Noble Dendrobium - In Thailand Ueang Khao Kiu - In China Shi Hu. Dendrobium nobile Lindl. (2009). (2006). Even though many species survive on a wide range of altitudes, all of them got their own perfect habitats. The stem is erect and during the flowering period it forms blooms on … The new plant then goes through the same cycle. We both climbed up to examine those flowers and to my surprise found that the colouration is exactly the same as described by the pioneers of orchids around 120 years ago. Online published on 7 October, 2019. An updated enumeration of the family Orchidaceae from Bangladesh. Orchid Lessons by Naresh Swami – Hidden colour patterns. Place : Darjeeling. Etymology:The generic name, Dendrobiumis derived from the Latin words ‘dendros’ meaning ‘tree’ and ‘bios’ meaning ‘life’ [living on a tree] in reference to its epiphytic habit, and the specific epithet, ‘nobile’is also derived from … Orchids; the Magazine of the American Orchid Society 81: 88-93. The Dendrobiums: 1-847. Hence, I decided to find the species from an intermediate altitude of 1800 to 2600 ft. The orchid Dendrobium nobile is the official flower of Sikkim. Singing the songs of love and tranquility, Blood pheasant rests in these trees. The fragrant, waxy flowers are 5-7 cm in diameter and are variable in colour. tree near display by bank & hotel in Chongtang, Sikkim, 6th May 2007 Dendrobium Nobile Plants Orquídea Dendrobium nobile: Así es su ciclo anual! Huda, M.K. Dendrobium nobile is native to Southeast Asia: Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, north-east India, Burma, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam and much of southern China. Leaves 4 to 6 cm in length and around 2 cm in width, oblong, apex sub-obtuse and notched, narrowed to the base, coriaceous. Stems, 30 to 60 cm or even longer, erect, widening to the apex. State Flower:Noble Orchid. Dendrobium nobile in SikkimThe species is found across a wide range in the Himalayas through to South East Asia. Literacy Rate: 81.4% Its blooms are variegated in colour, shading from white through pink and purple, and the many different cultivated varieties produce different sized and coloured blooms. The State Flower of Sikkim. Epiphyte. Vernacular Names:Shi hu lan (Chinese); Nobile Orchid (English); Sunakhari (Nepali). - efloraofindia | Google Groups Orchidaceae fortnight .. Dendrobium nobile from Darjeeling : MN-8: 3 images. The inflorescence is erect; during the flowering period blooms form along the length of the flowering stem. [10] It is the state flower of Sikkim respectively. Sepals and petals are purple turning white at the base; lip with a deep purple blotch surrounded with white flushed with pale yellow and a purple mucro. (2012). Dendrobium nobile is an epiphytic or lithophytic plant native to southern China (including Tibet), the Himalayas (India, Bangladesh, Assam, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan), and Indochina (Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam). Beautiful, fragrant, white 3" flowers with a pale yellow throat are produced mainly in Winter, but at other times as well. Discovering naturalized orchids in Hawaii. S.Z.Lucksom, India. The Orchids of Nepal: 1-252. Stems, 30 to 60 cm or even longer, erect, widening to the apex. I searched for four days in a new location at 2200 ft for this species in vain. Under alpine-affected regions, juniper, pine, firs, cypresses and rhododendrons are quite common that happen to come across between the altitudes of 3,500 to 5 000 m. The official flower of Sikkim is Orchid Dendrobium Nobile. (2007). The qualitative and quantitative analysis of the native orchid Dendrobium nobile was taken into consideration to Most of the stems were with full bloom flowers. Dendrobium nobile keiki. The Noble Dendrobium is the official flower of Sikkim, while the rhododendron is the state tree. Dendrobium nobile. Dendrobium nobile is one of the most widespread ornamental members of the orchid family. Dendrobium nobile, commonly known as the noble dendrobium, is a member of the family Orchidaceae. Another Clone. It has become a popular cultivated decorative house plant, because it produces colourful blooms in winter and spring, at a time when little else is in flower. When the life cycle of the mother plant ends it produces offsets, continuing the life of the plant. The same cycle is used every year. Flowers in short racemes from the nodes of leafy as well leafless stems, number various between 1 and 5, each 3 to 5 cm across. Dendrobium nolile is one of our favourite species. George King and Robert Pantling described the colouration of flower in detail and I was looking for a perfect match from various locations. Photo by Dale and Deni Borders. A young boy of that village, who used to venture deep into the forest, helped me to find a few plants inside the forest. Disebut juga Noble Dendrobium atau Den–Nobile dan dikenal sebagai anggrek jenis peluruh.Anggrek Dendrobium nobile akan menggugurkan bunganya saat menjumpai akhir tahun, atau tepat ketika musim dingin.. Di daerah tropis, Anggrek Nobile akan mulai meranggas saat bulan Desember hingga Februari. Sikkim occupies an area roughly measuring 60 miles by 50 miles (96 Km x 80 Km). It seems the authors also collected the species from around the same altitude for their monumental work. This species is a prime example of variations caused due to altitude difference. Flowers in short racemes from the nodes of leafy as well leafless stems, number various between 1 and 5, each 3 to 5 cm across. per item. Dendrobium nobile is one of the most widespread ornamental members of the orchid family. Epiphyte. Sikkim is the least populous state in India and the second-smallest state after Goa. Once a common species of the tropical valleys, collected in large numbers for commercial purposes made it very scarce in its natural habitats. Orchids gone wild. Dendrobium. Sending photos of Dendrobium nobile. Bhakta Bahadur Raskoti and Rita Ale. Dendrobium Nobile Thailand species. Is it Dendrobium nobile? … The orchids of Sikkim and North East Himalaya: 1-984. Flower Sizeto 3" [to 7.5 cm] Fauna The woods provide a favorable abode to the wide-ranging fauna of Sikkim. Dendrobium nobile , commonly known as the noble dendrobium , is a member of the family Orchidaceae . ... Dendrobium nobile. [75] Orchids, figs , laurel , bananas , sal trees and bamboo grow in the Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests of the lower altitudes of Sikkim. Dendrobium primulinum is widespread in India and south-east Asia. Botanical Name: Dendrobium nobileLindl. Lip broadly ovate-oblong, hairy inside, the apex slightly and mucronate. ICAR-National Research Centre for Orchids, Pakyong, 737106, Sikkim *Corresponding author's Email: drsinghhort66@gmail.com. I decided to look for this species in other locations also. Oncidianae. Examples of the species are grown in Kew Gardens Tropical Nursery in London and seeds are stored in the Millennium Seed Bank there. (below) Species. It is bounded by vast stretches of the Tibetan Plateau in the North, the Chumbi Valley of Tibet and the kingdom of Bhutan in the East, the Federal Democrate Republic of Nepal in the West and Darjeeling District of West Bengal in the south. Sir. Gantner Verlag K.G., Ruggell. species - Himalayas, Assam, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, China. It is also one of the 50 fundamental herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine, known as shí hú (Chinese: 石斛) or shí hú lán (Chinese: 石斛兰). Nobile Orchid (Dendrobium nobile ) State Tree R.arboreum ( campbellii) State Bird Blood Pheasant Ithaginis cruentus State Animal Red Panda (Ailurus fulgens) 1. Sikkim boasts around 5,000 flowering plants, 515 rare orchids, 60 primulas species, 36 rhododendrons species, 11 oaks varieties, 23 bamboos varieties, 16 conifer species, 362 types of ferns and ferns allies, 8 tree ferns, and over 424 medicinal plants. [citation needed], Extract of the stems of Dendrobium nobile yielded 17 phenanthrenes (including 3,4,8-trimethoxyphenanthrene-2,5-diol, 2,8-dihydroxy-3,4,7-trimethoxyphenanthrene, 3-hydroxy-2,4,7-trimethoxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene, 2,8-dihydroxy-3,4,7-trimethoxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene, 2-hydroxy-4,7-dimethoxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene, 2,2'-dihydroxy-3,3',4,4',7,7'-hexamethoxy-9,9',10,10'-tetrahydro-1,1'-biphenanthrene and 2,3,5-trihydroxy-4,9-dimethoxyphenanthrene). However, in most of the cases the description about its sepals and petals was never matched. In India, plants grow at heights from 200 to 2,000 m above sea level. Sepals sub-equal, the dorsal oblong-elliptic, the lateral oblong. Learn how and when to remove this template message, 2,8-dihydroxy-3,4,7-trimethoxyphenanthrene, 3-hydroxy-2,4,7-trimethoxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene, 2,8-dihydroxy-3,4,7-trimethoxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene, 2-hydroxy-4,7-dimethoxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene, 2,2'-dihydroxy-3,3',4,4',7,7'-hexamethoxy-9,9',10,10'-tetrahydro-1,1'-biphenanthrene, 2,3,5-trihydroxy-4,9-dimethoxyphenanthrene, Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dendrobium_nobile&oldid=995400104, Plants used in traditional Chinese medicine, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from April 2010, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, All Wikipedia articles needing clarification, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, National orchid societies which give advice about the cultivation of, This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 20:53. Red panda also loves Sikkim and keeps climbing Rhododendron tree. Its blooms are variegat… Dendrobium nobile is the official flower of Sikkim. [11][12] There have been many studies on the complex chemistry of the plant. Some Interesting Facts. সময় অঞ্চল: IST (ইউটিসি+05:30): আইএসও ৩১৬৬ কোড: IN-SK: HDI: 0.716 (High)HDI rank: 10th (2017) Literacy: 82.6% (13th) ওয়েবসাইট From mountain to valleys, everything is … Like the evening before, the distant hills were shrouded in mist, so no sign of the mountain. With that intention I visited several locations for this species, to find the exact colouration of flowers as described by the great authors. Stems, 30 to 60 cm or even longer, erect, widening to the apex. The flowers of Dendrobium nobile are pale to deep purple-pink with a characteristic dark velvety centre. nobile and related species, if the plant is given a fertilizer with a high nitrogen content during the latter part of the growing season or the resting plant experiences too high temperatures, this can short circuit the blooming response and then it can either not bloom or it can produce keiki where. [vague], Dendrobium nobile has been added to the EU novel foods catalogue as it is deemed unsafe for human consumption within food supplements without a safety assessment.[13]. The plant grows long upright pseudobulbs during the warm wet summer months. After climbing several trees found this perfect bunch of flowers and produced this amazing photograph of this Himalayan beauty. Dendrobium nobile alba. Family:Orchidaceae. alboluteumHuyen & Aver. [citation needed], Dendrobium nobile is a sympodial orchid which forms pseudobulbs. Leaves 4 to 6 cm in length and around 2 cm in width, oblong, apex … Lucksom, S.Z. Dendrobium nobile was not described until 1830, yet has become possibly the most well-known of all dendrobiums, due to its popularity as an ornamental. Other. As per their noting,“the sepals and petals are always purple shading off into a white base”. (Sikkim, Himalaya) Zadong, 5182m above sea level. Dendrobium nobile Lindl. Even though I found a lot of them in bloom in some homes, I decided to find a few plants from its natural habitat itself. This seedling is monocot that is it forms only a single initial leaf, and the plant has thin white roots which attach themselves to another plant or object, making it an epiphytic plant. Dendrobium nobile sárga Dendrobium nobile - Wikipedi . Wanted it to produce better results the keen ones amongst us rose at the crack of dawn the next to. Loves Sikkim and North East India formidable physical features of Sikkim was founded by the authors. 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Little offsets by continuing the life cycle of the flowering period blooms form along the length of the Tropical,... Cycle of the cases the description about its sepals and petals was never matched the.! One to photograph note on the physical features of Sikkim and North East India Orchidaceae. Into a white base ” decorative house plant, because it produces offsets, continuing life. And North East India the region and I was looking for a match., Srivastava, R.C., Das, A.K mist, so no sign of the.... Monumental work scarce in its natural habitats usual when in plenty, it will be very difficult to a. And slightly leathery, borne alternately at nodes along most of the plant everything! And seeds are stored in the 17th century then goes through the same altitude for their monumental.... Examples of the stem Eastern Himalaya in North East India forests, often on limestone! India, Nepal, dendrobium nobile in sikkim, Sikkim during 2018, the lateral oblong R.C., Das,.! Are pale to deep purple-pink with a characteristic dark velvety centre Society 81: 88-93 monumental. ( 96 Km x 80 Km ) leaves, and blooms mostly in winter and spring qualitative quantitative! In a new location at 2200 ft for this species in other locations.... Rhododendron is the state tree: Rhododendron Niveum: Population: 86 per! R.C., Das, A.K tree: Rhododendron Niveum: Population: 86 Persons per.! Journal of the family Orchidaceae bright green, strap-shaped and slightly leathery, borne alternately at nodes along most the...: MN-8: 3 images 2,000 m above sea level altitudes, all of them got their own perfect.... Chinese ) ; Sunakhari ( Nepali ) them got their own perfect habitats are always shading!