Upon completing the required coursework, students may enroll in general or professional degree programs. The following table enumerates population, sex-ratio and literacy rates for each district of Uttar Pradesh: Following rankings are as per Population Census 2011. Sikkim (28.1%), Arunachal Pradesh (13.0%) and Mizoram (7.9 %) have emerged as top three states in terms of having maximum percentage of Buddhist population. The state has an abundance of natural resources. Forward castes constitute around 18–20% of Uttar Pradesh population,[18][19] in which Brahmins are about 12%[20] and Thakurs are 7–8%. [24] It included parts of central India, north of the Narmada River and it encompassed the entire Indo-Gangetic plain. [11] The state's 2001–2011 decennial growth rate (including Uttrakhand) was 20.09%, higher than the national rate of 17.64%. Other Backward Classes (OBCs) constitute 40% of Uttar Pradesh’s population. In addition, the people of Uttar Pradesh speak a variety of local dialects of Hindi, which are not always easy to classify or identify. The All India Kisan Sabha (AIKS) was formed at the Lucknow session of the Congress on 11 April 1936, with the famous nationalist Swami Sahajanand Saraswati elected as its first President,[54] in order to address the longstanding grievances of the peasantry and mobilise them against the zamindari landlords attacks on their occupancy rights, thus sparking the Farmers movements in India. In 1803, following the Second Anglo-Maratha War, when the British East India Company defeated the Maratha Empire, much of the region came under British suzerainty. in Central Rohilkhand a mix of Awadhi and Khari boli is spoken, while in Eastern Rohilkhand, Awadhi is the dialect. As of the 2011 census, Allahabad is the most populous district of Uttar Pradesh while Mahoba being the least populated. Muslim Population in Uttar Pradesh is 3.85 Crore (19.26 percent) of total 19.98 Crore. [288] Lath mar Holi is a local celebration of the Hindu festival of Holi. Religion. [129][131] The central and eastern districts in particular have very high levels of poverty. [101][102][103][104][105][106][107], Other animals in the state include reptiles such as lizards, cobras, kraits, and gharials. [249] Schools in the state are either managed by the government or by private trusts. [55] During the Quit India Movement of 1942, Ballia district overthrew the colonial authority and installed an independent administration under Chittu Pandey. Doordarshan is the state-owned television broadcaster. Villages with domesticated cattle, sheep, and goats and evidence of agriculture began as early as 6000 BC, and gradually developed between c. 4000 and 1500 BC  beginning with the Indus Valley Civilisation and Harappa Culture to the Vedic period and extending into the Iron Age. [10][11][12] Mallah community is divided in 27 sub-castes. Politicians from Uttar Pradesh have played prominent roles in Union Government of India with some of them having held the high positions of Prime Minister. It represents the cooking styles used in North India, especially Uttar Pradesh. Balrampur is one of the city of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh and is a part of Devipatan division as well as the historic Awadh regions. Several sacred books of the Aryans were also composed here. ", "The Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Rules, 2001", "The History and Role of Subordinate Civil Judiciary in Uttar Pradesh", "Subordinate Civil Judiciary in Uttar Pradesh", "The strength of Armed Police in Uttar Pradesh", "In Custody: Six died daily in four months", "More bad news for Yogi Adityanath as data show UP tops crime chart", "NHRC registered 1,782 fake encounter cases between 2000-2017; Uttar Pradesh alone accounts for 44.55%", "Uttar Pradesh tops the list of communal violence hit states in 2017: Govt", "Communal Violence Goes Up In Country, Uttar Pradesh Still Tops List", "HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX ACROSS INDIAN STATES: IS THE GLASS STILL HALF EMPTY? [248] Sanskrit-based learning formed the major part of education from the Vedic to the Gupta periods. The detail analysis of Population Census 2011 published by Govt. Major district roads provide a secondary function of linking between main roads and rural roads. Mughlai cuisine is a style of cooking developed in the Indian subcontinent by the imperial kitchens of the Mughal Empire. The conflict between Rohillas and Marathas came to an end on 18 December 1788 with the arrest of Ghulam Qadir, the grandson of Najeeb-ud-Daula, who was defeated by the Maratha general Mahadaji Scindia. [33][34], In the 16th century, Babur, a Timurid descendant of Timur and Genghis Khan from Fergana Valley (modern-day Uzbekistan), swept across the Khyber Pass and founded the Mughal Empire, covering India, along with modern-day Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Moist deciduous trees grow in the upper Gangetic plain, especially along its riverbanks. Deoband Tehsil in Saharanpur District of Uttar Pradesh. [214] The state’s exports include footwear, leather goods, and sporting gear. [209][210] MSME sector is the second-largest employment generator in Uttar Pradesh, the first being agriculture and employs over 9.2 million people across the state. [136][137] The literacy rate for men is 79% and for women 59%. Owing to the belief as the birthplace of Rama, Ayodhya (Awadh) has been regarded as one of the seven most important pilgrimage sites. It is more populated than the world's 242 countries. [277], Several texts and hymns of the Vedic literature were composed in Uttar Pradesh. Sweets occupy an important place in the Hindu diet and are eaten at social ceremonies. The chaat in Lucknow and Banarasi Paan is known across India for its flavour and ingredients.[292]. [76][80], The rain in Uttar Pradesh can vary from an annual average of 170 cm in hilly areas to 84 cm in Western Uttar Pradesh. Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India with a population of over 199.5 million people on 1 March 2011. [269] Uttar Pradesh’s maternal mortality ratio is higher than the national average at 258 maternal deaths for every 100,000 live births (2017), with 62 per cent of pregnant women unable to access minimum ante-natal care. [286][287], Diwali (celebrated between mid-October and mid-December) and Rama Navami are popular festivals in Uttar Pradesh. Hindi is the most widely spoken language and is also the official language of the state, along with Urdu. [79] Primarily a summer phenomenon, the Bay of Bengal branch of the Indian monsoon is the major bearer of rain in most parts of state. In southern Purvanchal, Baghelkhandi (a form of Eastern Hindi) is the predominant dialect. Learn more about Uttar Pradesh’s history and government in this article. by Swarajya Staff - Jul 5, 2016 07:03 AM. [30][31] After fall of Pala empire, the Chero dynasty ruled from 12th century to 18th century. A month later, Hemu died in the Second Battle of Panipat, and Uttar Pradesh came under Emperor Akbar's rule. Khayal is a form of semi-classical singing which comes from the courts of Awadh. [169] NHRC further said, of the over 30,000 murders registered in the country in 2016, Uttar Pradesh had 4,889 cases. Allahabad Junction is the headquarters of the North Central Railway and Gorakhpur Railway Station serves as the headquarters of the North Eastern Railway. [228] The state is well connected to its nine neighbouring states and almost all other parts of India through the national highways (NH). While this is still below the national average of 74.04% (82.14% for men, 65.16% for women) the rate of growth has been much higher in Uttar Pradesh as compared to the rest of India. Ballia became known as "Baghi Ballia" (Rebel Ballia) for this significant role in India's independence movement. It has a population of about 199,581,477 as per the 2011 census. Students choose from one of three streams, namely liberal arts, commerce, or science. For purpose of administration, the state is divided into 18 divisions and 75 districts. Renowned Indian writers who have resided in Uttar Pradesh were Kabir, Ravidas, and Tulsidas, who wrote much of his Ram Charit Manas in Varanasi. [92] In 2011 the recorded forest area in the state was 16,583 km2 (6,403 sq mi) which is about 6.88% of the state's geographical area. [113] These blocks consists of urban units viz. It takes place well before the actual Holi in the town of Barsana near Mathura. [51] The high court continued to be at Allahabad, but a bench was established at Lucknow. Uttar Pradesh has a population more than that of Pakistan. [166], According to the National Human Rights Commission of India (NHRC), Uttar Pradesh tops the list of states of encounter killings and custodial deaths. [24] The aftermath of the Mahabharata yuddh is believed to have taken place in the area between the Upper Doab and Delhi, (in what was Kuru Mahajanapada), during the reign of the Pandava king Yudhishthira. But, its form changes from west to east. Species in the state with respect to India, Uttar Pradesh is a habitat for 4.19% of all Algae, 6.40% of Fungi, 5.95 of Lichens, 2.93% of Bryophytes, 3.31% of Pteridophytes, 8.69% of Gymnosperms, 8.11% of Angiosperms. [148][149] Each government department is headed by a Minister, who is assisted by an Additional Chief Secretary or a Principal Secretary, who usually is an officer of Indian Administrative Service, the Additional Chief Secretary/Principal Secretary serve as the administrative head of the department they are assigned to. [164][148] While the Uttar Pradesh civil judicial services comprise the Civil Judges (Junior Division)/Judicial Magistrates and civil judges (Senior Division)/Chief Judicial Magistrate, the Uttar Pradesh higher judicial service comprises civil and sessions judges. It has rich forests, cutting across it are innumerable streams which swell into raging torrents during the monsoon. [295] Men often sport head-gear like topi or pagri. [197], The Uttar Pradesh Financial Corporation (UPFC) was established in the year 1954 under the SFCs Act of 1951 mainly to develop small- and medium-scale industries in the state. Uttar Pradesh ranks first in domestic tourist arrivals among all states of India with more than 71 million,[260][261] owing to its rich and varied topography, vibrant culture, festivals, monuments, ancient places of worship, and viharas. ... With a population of 200 million people, Uttar Pradesh is larger than Brazil. Millions gather at Allahabad to take part in the Magh Mela festival on the banks of the Ganges. [139], The state is governed by a parliamentary system of representative democracy. The 2006 Varanasi bombings were a series of bombings that occurred across the Hindu holy city of Varanasi on 7 March 2006. Tharus, Boksas, Bhotias, Jaunswaris and Rajis.[3]. In the sixth century B.C., Uttar Pradesh was associated with two new r… [148][152][153][154][155][156][157] The administration in each district is headed by a District Magistrate, who is an IAS officer and is assisted by a number of officers belonging to state services. The Pioneer was founded in Allahabad in 1865 by George Allen. Azamgarh district of Uttar Pradesh has total population of 4613913 as per the Census 2011. [148][162] The President of India appoints the chief justice of the High Court of the Uttar Pradesh judiciary on the advice of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India as well as the Governor of Uttar Pradesh. This plain supports a wide variety of plants and animals. On the contrary, Gautam Buddha Nagar scores highest in literacy rate at 80.12% and Kanpur Nagar 2nd at 79.54%, while both being the poorest districts in terms of sex-ratio, depicting a negative-correlation among literacy and sex-ratio in this case. Find Uttar Pradesh UP Caste Religion Wise population Demographics of Uttar Pradesh 2018 2019, General Caste List, Yadavs in UP, Dalits, Brahmins in Uttar Pradesh Religion wise population, Uttar Pradesh Population, Uttar Pradesh Population and Census, Religion in UttarPradesh, Uttar Pradesh Basic Information, Uttar Pradesh Hindu Muslim SC ST Yadav Brahmin Population Percentage, … For Literacy rate, population aged 7 and above only is considered in India. On festive occasions, usually 'tava' (flat pan for roti) is considered inauspicious, and instead fried foods are consumed. The other two regions, the central and the western are comparatively better with a well-developed irrigation system. [147] The leader of the party or coalition with a majority in the Legislative Assembly is appointed as the Chief Minister by the Governor, and the Council of Ministers are appointed by the Governor on the advice of the Chief Minister. The terai runs parallel to the bhabhar in a thin strip. This expressway is country's largest Greenfield Expressway which reduced the travel time between Lucknow and Agra from 6 hours to 3.30 hours. Some Interesting Facts About Uttar Pradesh. Uttar Pradesh hosted modern educational institutions such as the Aligarh Muslim University, Banaras Hindu University and Darul Uloom Deoband. National Crime Records Bureau (2011) data says, Uttar Pradesh has the highest number of crimes among any state in India, but due to its high population, the actual per capita crime rate is low. Varanasi a major religious hub, is the holiest of the seven sacred cities (Sapta Puri) in Hinduism and Jainism. [69] The first in the eastern tract consisting of 14 districts which are subject to periodical floods and droughts and have been classified as scarcity areas. Himachal Pradesh Population 2011. Lucknow Swarna Shatabdi Express near New Delhi. The red area has a smaller population. [299] Dial-up access is provided throughout the state by BSNL and other providers.[300]. In Western Rohilkhand, Khari boli is spoken. [7] Uttar Pradesh has the largest scheduled caste population whereas scheduled tribes are less than 1 per cent of the total population. It covers 240,928 km2 (93,023 sq mi), equal to 7.34% of the total area of India, and is the fourth-largest Indian state by area. [24], Control over Gangetic plains region was of vital importance to the power and stability of all of India's major empires, including the Maurya (320–200 BC), Kushan (AD 100–250), Gupta (350–600), and Gurjara-Pratihara (650–1036) empires. [206] The 2011 census data on migration shows that nearly 14.4 million (14.7%) people had migrated out of Uttar Pradesh. If it were a separate country, Uttar Pradesh would be the world's fifth most populous nation, next only to China, India, the United States of America and Indonesia. [203], According to the Uttar Pradesh Budget Documents (2019–20), Uttar Pradesh’s debt burden is 29.8 per cent of the GSDP. [125][126], The sex ratio in 2011, at 912 women to 1000 men, was lower than the national figure of 943. The economy of Uttar Pradesh is the fifth-largest state economy in India with ₹17.94 lakh crore (US$250 billion) in gross domestic product and a per capita NSDP of ₹70,000 (US$980). Expressways Industrial Development Authority", "India's Longest Agra-Lucknow Expressway – 20 Facts to Know", "One of the largest road networks in the Country", "Pervasive road network of Uttar Pradesh", "contributing to economic growth and prosperity of the nation", "Kushinagar international airport to get ready for take-off", "Jewar to be second airport in Delhi NCR", "Hapless victim of a TV sting, this hockey player is now a rising star", "UP to get one more cricket stadium by 2011", "The Buddh International Circuit (BIC), which played host to India's first Formula One Grand Prix", "Philosophy behind the Buddh International Circuit", "Why India's Formula 1 Grand Prix is under threat", "British colonial administration system in state education system", "Kanpur schools welcome IIT Council formula", "IIM-Lucknow sends country's first team to global agribusiness meet", "IIM Lucknow students shine at International Agri-biz symposium in Shanghai", "The Integral University Lucknow state level institution", "Performance of Tourist Centres in Uttar Pradesh: An Evaluation Using Data Envelopment Analysis", "Hindus gather for the Kumbh Mela at the Ganges in India and Maha Shivaratri in Allahabad", "Health status and health care services in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar: A comparative study", "Annual Health Survey 2012–13 Fact Sheet – Uttar Pradesh", "India facing critical shortage of healthcare providers: WHO", "Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) (Per 100000 Live Births)", "Uttar Pradesh has a free ambulance service for pregnant women but substandard hospitals", "State of Urban Health in Uttar Pradesh- Urban Health Resource Center", "Public Private Partnership in Uttar Pradesh Health Care Delivery System- UPHSDP as an Initiative", "Three indian children to attend J8 summit in Rome.:. 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