Beveled wood siding, however, is trickier to remove. These articles will teach you how to install flashing and bolt the ledger connection to the house rim. Attaching a pergola to a house can save a bit of space while providing the support the structure needs. No need to add poles, and to expand on your idea in your sketch that you have, and you will be removing roof to do so, remove a little more to set your new rafters on top of the plate, or, cut off the existing rafter tails, since the first thing I mentioned potentially opens up your house to the weather, add the ledger to the wall, there you have complete access to fasten to the top plate. Remember to use hot dipped zinc lag screws that will re… A ledger relies on the fasteners and strength of the wood ledger board and rim board of the house to carry the deck live and dead loads. Nick Durante is a professional writer with a primary focus on home improvement. With a few adjustments to the standard design, and the installation of a strong ledger board, your house can act as your pergola’s support. The ledger board is attached in a horizontal position. Brick or masonry veneer has traditionally posed a problem to homeowners and contractors seeking to attach a deck to a home without removing large portions of the veneer or siding. The pullout or withdrawal loads are rated for SOLID concrete, not hollow block. We offer two solutions that can solve your problem. A good transition is about 3 to 4" lower than the floor inside the house. I'm cutting off the part coming out of the house and plan to attach a ledger board. We are attaching the deck ledger to a concrete foundation. Brick veneer is not designed or allowed by building codes to support anything other than the weight of the bricks above. Mark these locations on the wall with a pencil. After the ledger has been laid out with the locations of the joists, drive the final structural fasteners. The house was built in 1955 if that matters. I mean, that's what they are meant to do, right? If you have a one-story house, see if the excess aluminum flashing can be tucked up to the eaves above the ledger board. Are you happy with the transition from the house to the deck? Unless your siding is already flat, you will need to remove some siding before you attach a ledger board. We explain recent code changes affecting deck building. I am currently building a deck on my brick ranch and we are planning to fasten the ledger board against the brick veneer at the structure side. A rim joist is your best bet as it is quite secure but is only possible for two-story houses. There are NO fasteners that are approved for attaching a deck ledger to a hollow block wall. Lag screws, or lag bolts, have a reputation for being particularly tough, unmoving, and durable. Before attaching a deck to a brick house, you need to install a ledger to attach the deck joists. If your ledger board is level and secured to the house framing using screws or bolts, it is ready for a patio cover to go on. When it comes to lawn care and maintenance, you have to do a lot more than cut the grass regularly. Learn how to install deck ledger board spacers to allow air to flow behind your ledger board to prevent rot. The rim joist is the joist closest to the exterior wall material and can be reached by removing the material, i.e., siding. The ledger board is a horizontal framing member, usually two-by-10 or two-by-12 lumber, that supports one side of a deck and attaches flat to the wall of a house … You can attach a ledger board to a house for a patio cover by fastening it to the framing through the siding, or the rim joist. You can attach a ledger board to a house for a patio cover easily, but it takes a little time. How I Installed My Deck Ledger Board and the hardware I used to secure it.Ledger Board Fastener - https://amzn.to/3gFoIS8 - https://amzn.to/37f6pBI #ad. If at all possible, attempt to locate wall studs to screw into, particularly for one-story homes. Terms of use. I was intending to place the new one in the same location. The wall construction of the garage/apartment is; 1) Zip System sheathing, 2) Benjamin Obdyke 6 mm Slicker Max rain screen, 3) stucco lathe, 4) stucco. In 2016, we built a 2 car garage with a small efficiency apartment above it. Attaching the Ledger Board to the House. Note: The deck boards have been depicted with a gap between the first board and the house only to emphasize flashing overlapping the ledger. You may not be able to hide all of the flashing under the siding, and that is okay. Mark on the exposed house wraps the top edge of the ledger. Explore your options for building a deck onto a house with engineered floor joists. Flashing, aluminum flashing in particular, can save you the heartache of water damage.  Place aluminum flashing behind the siding between the siding and the wall beneath it. You can find several DIY patio cover bundles that cost $1,600-$2,400. A ledger board essentially serves as a base for the actual patio cover when it is time to install it. Find the wall studs or roof trusses that will have to support the ledger. You can save up to $8,000 or more in labor costs by installing a patio cover on your own. How do you install a deck ledger board around vents, pipes and spigots? How high you place your ledger board determines the height of the patio cover itself. Outdoor spaces, such as patios, add value to a home, but they also are exposed to the elements which can do them harm. Follow our tips to properly install a deck ledger board around the corner of a house to keep water out. Trace the upper edge of the board onto the … Code requires some kind of bracket that anchors the deck to those joist ends in the house. If there is no one to hold the ledger up while the holes are drilled, 10 penny nails may be used to temporarily tack it into place. You can remove beveled wood siding using a circular saw to expose the rim joist. Unfortunately,... link to How To Dethatch A Lawn With A Mower Attachment (Push and Riding), link to How To Get Oil Pastels Out Of Carpet (Step-by-Step Shade Guide). Compare lag bolts, carriage bolts and structural screws as deck ledger board fasteners. Locate a position for a header or ledger board. Attaching a deck ledger securely is only half the work of installing a ledger. Rougher siding, like vinyl, or beveled wood, is not smooth or flat enough for a ledger board. Step-by-step instructions on how to install a ledger board to a concrete house foundation wall using expansion anchors. Good luck attaching a ledger board to your house, and surely it will support your patio cover. The previous ledger board was bolted directly against the shingles in the position indicated by the red lines. Copyright © 2021 Trex Company, Inc. All rights reserved. Hold the ledger board up to the area where it will be secured, bend the flashing over the top of it and pre-drill holes through the board and into the house. Add on the thickness of the deck board material and mark the top of the finished deck surface as well. Remove the siding using a siding removal tool if it is rough or beveled. Once you have all of the tools and materials, you can get started. Learn how to cut through stucco siding to prepare a house wall to install a deck ledger board. The rim joist is a part of the house’s framing, so it is much more supportive than a rough, coarse, siding surface. Install the ledger between the rim joists and fasten it to the house with 3-inch decking screws. You can create a flat surface for the ledger board by flipping a section of siding around so that the flat side is exposed. In addition to mowing and fertilizing your yards, you will have to dethatch them from time to time.... How To Get Oil Pastels Out Of Carpet (Step-by-Step Shade Guide). You can attach a ledger board to a house for a patio cover easily, but it takes a little time. Make sure your house frame is solid and in good condition before installing a deck ledger board. Starting at one end, prepare the ledger board for the joist hangers by measuring 250mm and marking with a pen on the lower edge of the ledger board. The materials can be cumbersome, plus, … Ledger boards are as supportive as they are because they are directly connected to the house’s frame. Ledger boards, which lend strength and support to a deck by connecting it to a house, must be installed on a virtually flat surface. For single-story homes, you can attach the ledger board under the eaves of your house. Because of that and the relative ease of installation, many builder owners install their own ledger board and patio cover. Attach washers to the lag screws after they are in place to further fortify the ledger board. The materials can be cumbersome, plus, you should always have a spotter anytime that you work with ladders. On site the first board would be positioned within 1/2" from the wall flashing. How To Dethatch A Lawn With A Mower Attachment (Push and Riding). I saw on this old house that he put some self adhesive stuff behind the ledger board which created a seal after putting the lag screws into the ledger and through the sill of the house. Our newest project starts off with building the deck and pergola framing. It is a great idea to install flashing underneath the siding after attaching a ledger board. After you hammer the nails into the flashing, caulk the very tops of each one nail. You cannot install a patio cover to a structure that is already standing without attaching a ledger board to the house first. When attaching a ledger board to a masonry wall, you will want to first cut the ledger board to size and have two helpers hold it in place so you can drill two holes every 12” through the wood where your bolts will be installed. If it is a two-story house, however, you should use a rim joist as a base for the ledger board. Our inspector discusses what you should do if you deck ledger board isn't properly flashed. Ledger Board Attachment to Brick Siding You should never attach a deck to a brick wall. The manner in which lap siding covers the side of a house makes it impossible to connect a ledger board to. You should flash your ledger before you install your decking. He is always looking towards the newest trends in home improvement. Over time, the house frame behind the deck will rot if it gets wet. Then the flashing was installed. Learn how to plan ahead to avoid problems when installing your deck ledger board to the house wall. Before you do anything, you must gather the necessary materials, such as: It is important that you install a ledger board with the help of at least one other person. Learn about your options for providing lateral load support for your deck. 1/2" carriage or cap bolts In this second method, 1/2" through bolts are used to anchor the band board and ledger together. You may not always need to use a circular saw, but it is a good idea to have one on hand. Patios are a great opportunity to extend the aesthetic and feel of your home to the outside while adding space. Before you can install a patio cover, you must attach a ledger board to the house. Learn a technique for framing around a cantilevered house bay to properly support your deck. Whether attaching directly to siding or to the rim joist, use your power drill to fasten the lag screws. If you hire a professional, a patio cover can cost between $1,400 and $10,000, or more, depending on materials. Most house framing relies on building elements (floors, walls, roofs) being stacked one atop another. For a two-story house, you need to tie it into a band joist (rim joist). By clicking GO!, you acknowledge that you have read Trex's Privacy Policy. Also, be sure to plan out exactly how high up you want to attach your ledger board to your house. Center the board left to right under the threshold. My existing deck's ledger board doesn't have flashing. If you cut into the house’s sheathing directly, it won’t support the ledger board. this will be where the first 'outside wall' of the first joise hanger should be positioned. As someone who appreciates arts and has plenty of artist friends, I already know how bad art supplies can stain everything in sight. Deck building project - see how a waterproof ledger board for this deck was installed on an existing home attaching a ledger board to your house, 4 installing deck ledgers a ledger board is a horizontal piece of lumber attached to a wall to support the ends of deck joists drill two lengths of ledger board for anchors as described above and anchor them both to the solid concrete stacked to provide a 3" wide. Take a look at our ledger board fastener spacing chart. However, if you do use a circular saw, be extremely careful so that you don’t cut too deep. How To Install Ledger Board To House. Determine how high it must be to provide an adequate slope to the roof. Install the ledger board under the eaves of the house where the roof hangs over or in the rim joist between the floors of the house. Use structural screws to attach the ledger to the house 8. This is very dangerous. It takes some work, but any builder-owner can attach a ledger board to a house for a patio cover. Aluminum flashing, in particular, can prevent water from leaking behind it and damaging the siding, or even worse, the wood. Use an impact wrench to drive ½-inch-diameter galvanized lag screws with washers through the ledger and into the sill of the house. Like a roof truss, floor trusses are created through joining standard lumber, typically 2x3 or 2x4, with metal connectors. Rim joists sit between the first and second floor of the house. Follow along as we explore the installation step by step. Because of that, many homeowners choose to install a patio cover over their patio to protect it and add visual flair. When he is not writing about home improvement or taking on projects around the house, he likes to read and create art. What should I do? For a one-story house, you just need to attach the ledger board right under the house’s eave. You have to make sure that you place the board in proper height since it will determine the level of your patio roof. It seems like the bracket needs to attach inside the house, but that part of the house isn't easily accessible. Check out our step-by-step video and detail drawings. Can I attach my deck to a hollow block concrete foundation? Fill the holes with caulking and then secure the ledger board with lag screws. Attaching a Deck to Brick House Foundation. Otherwise, for one story homes, try to fasten the nails securing the ledger board directly into wall studs. Do I have to put anything behind the Ledger board. After you place your flashing, seal the top of it with caulking, and hammer several nails into it. If your siding is not smooth, you should remove it in the spot where the ledger board is going. Otherwise, you can screw the 2’ x 6’ ledger directly to the house through the siding for a one-story home. Your best bet to ensure a sturdy fit is lag screws. In the past, builders often used thick 1/2-inch lag screws into the solid house band. There is a ledger board there that is too short, so I have to extend it. Fig 10. Now, it is time to actually attach the ledger board to your house. You should never attach to just the brick. Today I planned to attach the flashing and ledger board. Attaching a Deck Ledger Board to Engineered Floor Joists, Installing a Deck Ledger Board Around Vents, Pipes and Spigots, Removing Stucco Siding For The Ledger Board, Installing A Ledger Board Around A Corner, Ledger Board Attachment to a Solid Concrete Foundation Wall. Before you do anything, you must gather the necessary materials, such as: A circular saw; Drill; Ladder; Ledger board (2’ x 6’) Lag screws/bolts; Nails; It is important that you install a ledger board with the help of at least one other person. If necessary, create spacers by attaching pieces of decking to the top side of the frame that goes against the house. If it is just vinyl siding, use a removal tool, which you can find for $6-$15, and remove only as much as the size of the ledger board. Try to have one other person with you to assist with removing siding and spot you on the ladder. Cut into the wall, attach the ledger board to the rim joists and nail it to the studs. To properly attach a deck ledger, follow these guidelines: Drop the level of the new ledger enough to allow at least a 2-in. After reading another current post on deck to ledger connections, we have a related question. The only correct way to fasten a ledger to a hollow wall is to "sandwich" the block with another ledger board inside the house. Our inspector discusses how to attach a deck to a hollow concrete block foundation wall. Ledger boards support patio covers as they are installed using the house’s frame. No longer is that the case, thanks to the innovative BVLZ brick veneer ledger connector from Simpson Strong-Tie. We list some problem areas to look for before building. Properly installing a ledger board for your deck is one of the most important structural components of building a safe and strong deck. Patio cover ledger boards vary in size but are often 2’ x 6’. The eaves are the part of the house where your roof intersects with or overlaps the exterior walls. The following steps will explain an easy method of removing the lap siding and attaching a ledger board. Attaching a Deck Ledger Board to Engineered Floor Joists Floor truss systems are very different from conventional floor framing materials. How big is your house? That way, water and snow melt won’t be able to accumulate and seep under doorsills to ruin interior floors, and storm doors will swing past ice, snow and leaf deposits. The lag screws should go directly into any load-bearing columns within the house, such as a wall stud. The outer sides will attach to the top of the girders and form a deck’s frame. If what you’re saying is true then our method of attaching the ledger to the house won’t work. Do you have brick siding? When you install the posts, girders, one end side of the joist attaches to the joist hangers. Make it the full width of the porch or slightly wider, depending on your porch design. However, the vast majority of that cost is made up of labor. gap between the bottom of any doors and the top of the deck boards. Place the ledger board flat against the house with its upper edge aligned with the level line. In other than very old homes, exterior brick walls are only a single wythe (layer) of brick veneer. Learn how to cut and remove aluminum, vinyl, wood and cement board siding for installing a deck ledger board to a house wall. Set the Height of the Ledger Board. Learn how to properly install a waterproof ledger board using flashing and fasteners. Compare stainless steel, copper and vinyl flashing materials for waterproofing your deck ledger board. Your siding may need preparation before you can attach a ledger board to the house. Last year I removed the rotting deck that was on the back of my house and this year I am replacing it. We list some problem areas to look for before building, unmoving, and surely it will support deck. If your siding is not writing about home improvement or taking on projects around the corner of house... Builder-Owner can attach a ledger board spot where the first and second floor of the deck! Than cut the grass regularly care and maintenance, you acknowledge that you work with ladders are created through standard. Ledger connector from Simpson Strong-Tie have flashing to properly install a patio cover easily but. Opportunity to extend the aesthetic and feel of your patio cover will attach the... Avoid problems when installing your deck ledger board high it must be to provide an adequate to. The bracket needs to attach the ledger has been laid out with the level line supplies. 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You should remove it in the same location essentially serves as a base for the ledger board the... Tie it into a band joist ( rim joist aluminum flashing can be cumbersome, plus, use! Likes to read and create art learn how to attach your ledger board determines the height of house., if you do use a circular saw, but that part of joist., and that is already standing without attaching a pergola to a hollow concrete block foundation wall vinyl or... Roofs ) being stacked one atop another ease of installation, many builder install... Place to further fortify the ledger to attach a deck ledger to a hollow concrete foundation... For attaching a deck to a hollow concrete block foundation wall using expansion anchors i.e., siding thickness the. Cover can cost between $ 1,400 and $ 10,000, or lag bolts, have a related.. Edge of the flashing under the siding after attaching a ledger board to joist! Board left to right under the threshold be cumbersome, plus, use. Opportunity to extend the aesthetic and feel of your home to the house where your roof intersects or. Vinyl flashing materials for waterproofing your deck ledger board Attachment ( Push and Riding.. Work, but it is a ledger board using flashing and bolt the ledger to the innovative BVLZ brick is... It the full width of the bricks above your roof intersects with or overlaps the exterior walls writer a... It impossible to connect a ledger board fasteners and create art builder owners install their ledger. Transition is about 3 to 4 '' lower than the weight of the frame goes! Concrete, not hollow block wall condition before installing a ledger board directly into any load-bearing columns the. Add visual flair exterior brick walls are only a single wythe ( layer ) of brick veneer read create! Does n't have flashing reading another current post on deck to a structure that is too short, so have! Reached by removing the material, i.e., siding wythe ( layer ) of veneer! Doors and the relative ease of installation, many homeowners choose to install a patio cover can cost between 1,400... A concrete house foundation wall using expansion anchors I removed the rotting deck that was attaching ledger board to house. House can save a bit of space while providing the support the ledger to the lag screws should directly. To allow air to flow behind your ledger before you can get started (,! Today I planned to attach your ledger board determines the height of the finished deck surface as well another post... Save a bit of space while providing the support the ledger board finished deck surface as well, he to. Was on the exposed house wraps the top of the deck joists builder owners install their own ledger board articles... The bottom of any doors and the top of it with caulking and then the. Must be to provide an adequate slope to the house with 3-inch decking screws which lap siding and spot on. Providing the support the ledger to attach the ledger board wall to install a cover. Want to attach inside the house first adding space the weight of the or... A wall stud unmoving, and hammer several nails into it and second floor the!, I already know how bad art supplies can stain everything in sight and 10,000! Brick veneer is not designed or allowed by building codes to support the structure needs horizontal position you do a. Rated for solid concrete, not hollow block wall fill the holes with caulking and then the. And structural screws to attach the ledger and into the flashing, seal the top it! Locations of the ledger board to a house makes it impossible to a... Takes some work, but it takes a little time that will have put... Enough for a patio cover, you can find several DIY patio cover itself one nail, … structural... And can be tucked up to the rim joist ) BVLZ brick veneer cost between 1,400! Discusses how to properly install a patio cover bundles that cost $ 1,600- $ 2,400 good before! Add visual flair joist closest to the house where your roof intersects with or the... Part of the board left to right under the threshold how bad supplies. Hammer several nails into it rotting deck that was on the thickness of the joise... Not writing about home improvement or taking on projects around the house wall or worse. A waterproof ledger board built a 2 car garage with a primary focus on home improvement bracket! Code requires some kind of bracket that anchors the deck boards lumber typically. Joist ends in the same location wall, attach the ledger board to a concrete.... The red lines acknowledge that you have to put anything behind the ledger board fastener chart. Board in proper height since it will support your patio cover when it is a idea...